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The Head Family - Isaac Marion Head


Isaac Marion Head
Born: 12 Dec 1835, Hall or Lumpkin Co., GA
Died: After 22 Apr 1864
Married: 4 Jun 1855, Lumpkin Co., GA

Amanda C. Pierce
Born: 12 Dec 1836, Hall Co., GA
Died: 8 Mar 1914, Hall Co., GA


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Early Life:
Isaac Marion Head was the fifth of ten children born to Isaac Head and Kitty Cavender. He was born in Hall Co, GA and his family relocated to the Yahoo community of Lumpkin Co., GA within a year of his birth. His father was also named “Marion Isaac” but only used the name “Isaac.” His father was a reasonably prosperous farmer and elected official.

Isaac Marion married Amanda C. Piece, the daughter of Sampson Pierce and Rachel Barnes, on 4 Jan 1855 in Lumpkin Co. He was 20 years of age and she was 19 years old at the time of the marriage.

Shortly after their marriage, Isaac Marion purchased a farm in LL108, 12th Dist. of Hall County. The purchase of this 125 acre farm, north and east of (now) Clermont, was not recorded in the Hall Co. Deed records, possibly because the farm was purchased “on time.” On Dec., 7, 1859, Isaac Marion sold the farm to Josiah B. Boyd for $ 614. The deed was not recorded until July 12, 1860. (Hall Co., GA Deed Records, Book 1, page 12.)

Later Life:
Based on the listed birthplaces of his children, he relocated to Walker County, GA about 1859. There is not a Census Record or a real estate record for Isaac Marion Head in either Walker or any neighboring county. (On-site research by the author.)

There was an Isaac Head listed in the 1860 Census in Town Dist., Chattooga Co., GA south of Walker Co. This Isaac Head was two years older and his wife was named Rebecca. Living on the same farm in a second house was a family of 6 children aged from 16 to 2. This Isaac Head later served in 4th regiment, Tennessee Cavalry in the Civil War and was living in Jasper, Marion Co., TN in 1870.

James Washington Head (1829-1899), Isaac Marion’s older brother, had located to Walker County. He lived at Cedar Grove southwest of La Fayette and directly east of Lookout Mountain. He was Captain of the 971 Militia District in 1861. While no Census Record Isaac Marion exists, it is probable that Isaac Marion lived near him.

By the spring of 1862, Isaac’s family included Washington Head, age six; Benjamin J. Head, age 1, and Amanda was carrying her third child. (C. A. Head had died shortly after his birth.)

Military Service:
In early 1862, the Confederacy begins a draft to gather infantry replacements. Isaac Marion Head enlisted (or was conscripted) on May 16, 1862 into Co. E, 3rd Confederate Cavalry (Howards) at Clarksville, TN. At various times in the Civil War, the unit was reorganized as the 11th Cav. Battalion, 11th Cav. Regiment and, late in the war, the 13th Cav. Regiment. During the time Isaac Head was enlisted, the unit was designated as the 3rd Confederate Cavalry. The unit was formed as a local patrolling and picketing unit, but was soon assigned to Gen. Joe Wheeler’s command.
In early 1864, Wheeler’s command was patrolling between Dalton, GA and Chattanooga, TN.

The Historical Record:
Feb. 29, 1864: I. M. Head was listed as absent without leave on the Co. E, 3rd Conf. Cav. Muster Roll.

Apr. 22, 1864: Isaac M. Head’s name appears on an Oath of Allegiance to the United States. His place of residence is shown as Lumpkin Co., GA and his description was: Complexion Light; hair Brown; Eyes Grey; Height 5 ft., 10 in. Indorsement (orig. sp.) shows: “Roll of Deserters who have taken the Oath of Amnesty at Chattanooga, Tenn.”

Apr. 22, 1864: Release of Isaac M. Head, Co. H, 3rd Conf. Cav. Released at Chattanooga, TN. Selected Records of the War Dept. Relating to Conf. Prisoners of War.

The prisoner directly above his name was George W. Head of Lumpkin Co., GA. There was not a George W. Head of Lumpkin Co., GA that served in this period of the Civil War. There was a James W. Head (Isaac’s brother), originally from Lumpkin Co. and living in Walker Co., GA in 1860 who did serve.

Two of Isaac M. Head’s cousins were named George Washington Head. One, living in Lumpkin Co., served in the Home Guards late in the war. A second, living in Fannin Co., apparently did not serve.

The April 22, 1864 records are the last mention of Isaac M. Head in any record.

Union Policies Regarding Prisoners of War:
A prisoner captured not in the heat of battle was generally described as a Deserter for propaganda purposes.

After the Vicksburg battle, the Vicksburg POW’s were patrolled as a unit to the Confederate lines. These solders were immediately reformed into their original units by the Confederate Army and placed back in service.

This resulted in a change in Union policy and any released POW was transported north of the Ohio River and required to remain in the North for the duration of the War. If a POW would sign an Oath of Allegiance to the Union, that person would be patrolled to a location north of the Ohio River. A POW that did not sign an Oath of Allegiance was held in one of several prisons in the north. While not as bad as the Confederate Andersonville Prison, there was a significant morality of POWs in the northern prisons due to poor diet, poor conditions and overcrowding.

Three Possible End Stories:
Isaac M. Head’s regiment was patrolling between Dalton, GA and Chattanooga, TN in February, 1864. He may have been (or may not have been) given leave to visit his family in Cedar Grove, Walker Co. less than 30 miles from Dalton. While at home, he (and possibly his brother) was captured by a Union patrol while he was at home. This would explain the saddle in possession of the Brown Family and the Co. Muster Roll entry for his being absent without leave on Feb. 29, 1864.

After he was released on Apr. 22, 1864, he may have been transported north of the Ohio River and he may have died in the north before the war ended in 1865. It is unlikely that he was patrolled to his home as the 3rd Calvary Regiment was operating between Chattanooga and Dalton at the time of his release.

One family tradition is that Isaac Head was killed by bushwhackers in Walker Co., GA. This is a possible outcome if he had been released to his home by the Union Army. The date given for his death is incorrect according to the historic record. There existed a gang of bushwhackers in a cove of Lookout Mountain south of Cedar Grove during this time.

A second end story is that Isaac Head returned home wounded and died at home after several days. It is unclear if this occurred in Walker Co. or in Hall Co. after the end of the war. Both Walker Co. and Hall Co. was troubled by Bushwhackers during and after the end of the Civil War.


The Family:
At some point, probably in 1864, Amanda Head relocated the family back to Hall County to her father’s home, traveling in a one-horse wagon with her four sons, aged 8 to less than a year. Significant military actions did not take place around Dalton until May 7, 1864. Before that date civilian travel was possible, but not necessarily safe, between Whitfield Co. and Hall Co.

Children:
George Washington Head (1856-1925) married Amanda Boyd (1856-1928), seven children. See “The Three Head Brothers of North Hall County.”
Charles A. Head (1857-1858. Died as an infant.
Benjamin Marion F. P. Head (1861-1944) married Nevada Martha “Vadie” Rogers (1867-1952), eight children. See “The Three Head Brothers of North Hall County.”
Jasper McDonald “Mac” Head (1862-1920) Married 1) Laura J. Dean, one child; 2) Laura May Smith (1866-1943), five children. See separate article. See “The Three Head Brothers of North Hall County.”
I. P. Samson Head (1863-1937) married Alice Mendora Staton, six children. See “The Three Head Brothers of North Hall County.”


Travels Isaac M. Head

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